India is currently experiencing strong economic growth, while at the same time attempting to extend modern power services to millions still in poverty. Expanding electrical capacity is essential. Renewable energy remains a small fraction of installed capacity, yet India is blessed with over 150,000MW of exploitable renewable. Bihar is one of India's most poorly served states in terms of electricity, and even grid-connected homes and companies have an unreliable supply. Husk Power was established in 2008 to connect remote villages to a clean, reliable electricity supply based on rice husks as the feedstock. As of March 2011, Husk Power, founded in 2008, was operating 65 plants to gasify rice husks – a plentiful local resource – and other biomass waste to supply electricity to around 180,000 people. Each plant contains a rice husk gasifier, a series of filters to clean the gas, a gas engine, a 35 KW generator and a 240 V AC electricity distribution system to connect customers within a two kilometer range. New plants are opened when 400 or more households commit to paying a monthly fee. The fees start at US$2.20 per month for a basic connection. Husk's “value proposition” is to keep the plant design simple to encourage local employment. Locals with high school education are trained in management, operation and maintenance.
Different studies revealed the requirement of renewable sources of engineering due to exhausting fossil fuel sources in present era, there can be various innovations depending upon the local waste material available. We expect from the participants various new feasible techniques and suggestions to facilitate the action plan. Your solution will be judged on the basis of your innovative ideas and how far that will be achievable including cost factors and other environmental aspects.
1. Give a brief note on progress and government’s approach on energy from renewable sources.
2. Suggest some new economical techniques or improvements in existing techniques so that efficiency of treatment can be improved.